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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 72-80

Applied teaching model for veterinary junior surgery laboratory

1 Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32607, USA
2 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Andrea Kalei Herndon Erickson
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, PO BOX 100116, 2015 SW 16th Avenue Gainesville, FL 32601-0126
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/EHP.EHP_15_19

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Objective: To assess perceived veterinary student confidence and surgical skill set following a live animal, nonrecovery porcine surgical laboratory and to assess veterinary alumni long-term surgical confidence benefits from this laboratory during their first few years in practice. Sample Population: Four hundred students pre- and post-laboratory self-assessment surveys were analyzed from veterinary students participating in the junior surgery laboratory (JSL) from 2009 to 2018. One hundred and fifty veterinary alumni surveys were analyzed from JSL participants graduating between 2014 and 2018. Materials and Methods : Procedures performed on swine culled from food production included wound closure, abdominal exploratory, abdominal closure, splenectomy, nephrectomy, gastrostomy, intestinal anastomosis, and cystotomy. Procedures performed aimed to facilitate development of atraumatic tissue handling, vessel ligation, and hollow organ surgery. Results: All participants demonstrated significant self-evaluation improvement (P < 0.001) in all categories to include prepping and draping, scrubbing, gowning and gloving, sterile technique, instrument handling, gentle tissue handling, knowledge of abdominal surgery, abdominal surgical exploration, skin incisions, vessel ligation, handling and suturing of abdominal viscera, comfort in a surgical setting, perceived surgical ability, and knowledge of abdominal surgical procedures. Surveyed Professional veterinary medicine (PVM) alumni agree that JSL contributed to their perceived confidence and surgical skills. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Authors believe that the skills-oriented teaching method and deliberate practice using a combination of bench models, cadavers, and live animal procedures build perceived student surgical skills and confidence. The majority of surveyed PVM alumni support this statement and report long-term perceived surgical skill and confidence benefits gained from the JSL during their 1st year of practice.

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